Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is an evidence-based psychological treatment that aims to change one’s thoughts and behaviours. It is endorsed by National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and American Psychological Association (APA) to be effective in treating various psychological disorders, including depression, anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, post traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder, as well as helpful for people with bulimia and schizophrenia.
Jungian therapy, sometimes known as Jungian analysis, is an in-depth, analytical form of talk therapy designed to bring together the conscious and unconscious parts of the mind to help a person feel balanced and whole. Jungian therapy calls for clients to delve into the deeper and often darker elements of their mind and look at the “real” self rather than the self they present to the outside world. In addition to talk therapy, including the analysis of dreams, sand play therapy is also used. Sand play therapy uses two sandboxes and hundreds of small objects to enable the patient to build his/her own inner world and present it in a three-dimensional space. Under the space of freedom and protection provided by the therapist, the patient can present his inner world in this sandbox.
Psychodynamic psychotherapy relies on the interpersonal relationship between client and therapist more than other forms of depth psychology. In terms of approach, this form of therapy uses psychoanalysis adapted to a less intensive style of working, usually at a frequency of once or twice per week. It is a focus that has been used in individual psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, family therapy, and to understand and work with institutional and organizational contexts. In psychiatry, it is considered a treatment of choice for adjustment disorders, as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but more for personality-related disorders.